While there still may be some snow on the ground, with a week or two of warm weather it should disappear rather quickly revealing the damages winter left to your lawn. By assessing what needs to be done early on, it will help alleviate some of the aches and pains of making your backyard ready for the beginning of another spring season. CREB®Now has compiled some tips to help you get your lawn looking normal again.

Rake---webGrab A Rake
Come spring, fallen leaves, branches and other victims of the long winter months provide normal yard decorations for most Calgary homes. An important first step in making your lawn more lush than loathsome is to clear it of all that rubbish. Making sure to don work gloves (nobody likes blisters), take care of the obvious raking and waste removal around the yard. Even if you raked in the fall, it’s important to repeat the step to cut down on thatch, which can impact the health of your lawn. Raking can also help eliminate turf disease, also known as snow mold, which can cause allergic and asthmatic reactions. If you’re planning on composting, be careful to remove animal waste, pinecones and other materials not suitable for composting.

Shears---webGrab Some Shears
Just as winter can have an adverse affect on your lawn, it can also be damaging to trees and shrubs. Having fallen victim to harsh winds and cold climes, dead limbs and branches on trees should be pruned come spring. Although Agriculture Canada recommends the “If you have no good reason to prune, don’t” rule of thumb, there are times when pruning must be done and proper procedures should be followed. Pruning trees in early spring before growth starts reduces the number of leaves produced the coming year. Less water and nutrients will be required because there is reduced growth at the top of the tree. Exceptions to the dormant pruning rule are Maple, Birch and Elm, which should be pruned when actively growing mid-summer.

Aerator---webGrab The Aerator
Okay, so maybe you don’t have an aerator. While not all yards need to be aerated, removing small soil plugs or cores out of the lawn can help your lawn absorb nutrients, improve rooting and help prevent fertilizer and pesticide runoff from overly compacted areas. If in doubt about aeration, take a core sample of your lawn and subsurface at least 15 centimetres deep. If grass roots extend only into the first few centimetres, your soil may be compacted and could benefit from core aeration. Aerators can be rented from many garden or rental centres, and some landscape companies will perform the service for you. In Alberta, the best time to aerate is May to June and again in mid-September.

Soil---webGrab The Peat Moss
Now that your lawn has been aerated, it is time to do something called “top dressing”. All it takes is spreading a thin layer of peat moss over the lawn with a rake. This will help to gradually condition your lawn by strengthening it to resist disease, weeds and thatch. Top dressing your lawn also reduces the amount of water and fertilizer it needs.